A description of web site hosting
As its name implies, web hosting is a service, which entails hosting web content. There are various forms and kinds of web hosting, depending on the mission and on the usage. Yet, they all are related to hosting files, which, once hosted, are made available through the Web. A host is actually a web hosting service that is connected to the Internet and has its own IP address, which enables people to get access to it via the World Wide Web. The web hosting server's configuration and its resources depend on the type of hosting solution it will be utilized for.
What are the various types of hosting?
Depending on the function, the hosting service may be:
File Storage Web Hosting - this type of web hosting enables the customers to host their files on a particular server. With the ordinary file web hosting service, the files that are kept may only be accessed by the person that's availing of the service. This hosting service usually is connected with backups of PCs , documents, private files and even other hosting servers. This solution may also impose given limitations in terms of the server space and the root access. There may also be traffic limitations, but that depends on the particular service provider.
Warez Hosting - the so-called warez web hosting solution is quite similar to the previous hosting service type. Nevertheless, unlike the file storage web hosting service, the warez web hosting service is used for distributing licensed materials without the approval of the license proprietor. In brief - it pertains to the unauthorized distribution of files and docs. There are multiple methods for this to be achieved, but the 2 principal methods are - through plain HTTP downloading and through peer-to-peer connections. The first approach entails either some web portal, or, most commonly, simply a directory on a server that's been made available for everyone to access it and thereby download proprietary files free of cost. The second approach entails a P2P connection, using the so-called Torrent web servers, via which people transfer files between each other. There are just a few web hosting vendors that permit that type of web hosting on their hosting servers, mainly owing to all the judicial entanglements that it involves. Generally such web pages are hosted on private dedicated servers that are registered by 3rd party firms either in the Middle East or in Asia.
E-mail Hosting - this service is used with both shared site hosting and dedicated hosting servers, depending on the client's wish. If you desire to set up your own private SMTP server, then you will need either a VPS or a dedicated server that offers the access level needed to carry out such a task. For customary email hosting ends, though, you can use a normal shared web hosting account, to which you can point the mail exchanger records of your domain. This is not a service that's widely famous, because the website hosting and the mail hosting services are being served by two different web servers, often owned by different hosting providers.
Web Site Hosting - the most widely spread and universally utilized hosting service today. It's used for hosting web site files, whose sort is determined by the OS the web hosting server is utilizing - Linux or Windows. Different sorts of files request different web server OSs, or else they won't be exhibited accurately on the Internet. This form of hosting may involve web storage and web traffic restrictions, root-level access and central processing unit usage limits.
Based on the mission and on the objectives, the client should choose the sort of server that he needs for his project, and, of course, the site hosting company that's going to provide it. There are several types of hosting servers, depending on the specifications and the site hosting services that they offer. These are:
Shared Web Hosting Server - a shared hosting server provides a smaller quantity of resources, which, of course, reflects on the price of the service. It can be used for hosting small and middle sized web sites, which do not need large quotas of storage space and traffic.
Semi-Dedicated Servers Hosting - they operate on the same principle as the shared webspace hosting servers. Still, there are much less customers hosted on the same hosting server. That is why, each of them will enjoy a greater quota of the hosting server's resources like RAM, web space, bandwidth and CPU. Excellent for hosting heavy online portals that do not require complete root access.
VPS hosting - the virtual web servers are ideal for middle sized websites, which do demand root access to the web server's configuration files. Usually, there are a handful of private virtual web server hosting accounts accommodated on the same physical machine. Nevertheless, each of them is isolated from the other ones and has its own OS.
Dedicated Server Hosting - a fully dedicated web server set up and accessed by you and solely you. It guarantees a gigantic amount of system resources. It also includes complete root-level access, which renders it an ideal environment for any sort of web page that necessitates a web hosting solution.
The sole question that remains is:
Which hosting vendor should I settle on?
As mentioned, there are very few web hosting companies offering warez web hosting solutions because of legal entanglements. Such web hosting companies are being shut down almost every month. Therefore, if you desire to run such a service, you should do it on your very own computer. The shared web space hosting solution is the most famous type of hosting service. Therefore, each webspace hosting company provides it. Not all of them, though, provide services such as virtual private web servers, semi-dedicated hosting servers and dedicated servers. Most of the small scale web site hosting vendors do not have the resources demanded for maintaining those solutions. For that reason it's invariably best to settle on a bigger hosting company that can supply its clients with all the services that they are looking for. You can easily ID such web hosts by the types of solutions that they are making available and by the way that they present them to the clients. For example, certain hosting companies allow you to kick off with a small sized webspace hosting account and subsequently move to a more powerful one, if you find it compulsory to do so. This is extremely suitable, because you do not have to move web portals between hosting servers and there is no possibility of facing service downtime because of all the problems that may appear. Web hosting providers such as Free Hostia provide all kinds of services and possess the required web server resources and personnel to ensure that their customers will not experience any problems when changing services, which is what a top hosting firm is in fact all about.